Breeder Flock Pilot Project/ Feed Production/JPB – The Group’s Major Investment in Breeder Flocks
Jamaica Poultry Breeders Limited (JPB) was formed in 1978 as a new and wholly-owned subsidiary of Jamaica Broilers Group of Companies, to facilitate the Group’s production of more than 50% of the fertile egg requirements.
That move was consistent with the Group’s policy of owning and operating the various elements of production, in order to ensure the most efficient returns. The company’s formation was part of several strategic initiatives:
The Breeder Flock Pilot Project
In 1978, a pilot project with a stocking capacity for 18,000 breeder hens was established at Spring Valley Farm in Temple Hall, St. Andrew. The operation proved sufficiently successful to justify the major initial investment required meet the stipulated percentage of the Group’s fertile egg requirements.
In May 1979, the Jamaica Broilers Group purchased Central Soya Incorporated’s 55% ownership in the feed milling operations that was owned jointly by the two organizations, giving 100% ownership to the Group. The operation was renamed Master Blend Feeds (now known as Best Dressed Chicken Feed Mill) and the Group immediately embarked on a major development and up-grading project – costing in excess of J$4 million – at the plant. Among the new measures implemented were the following:
Conversion of the mill to computerized batching, to ensure a high degree of sophistication in quality control of the feeds produced;
A 100% increase in the mill’s storage facility, as well as a 50% increase in output – giving the facility a production potential of 240,000 tons per annum.
JPB – The Group’s Major Investment in Breeder Flocks
The technology of producing fertile eggs from heavy breeders, under tropical conditions, advanced considerably. This, in combination with increased air freight rates, packaging costs and the local availability of high quality feed, produced the right environment for the Group to make a major investment in Breeder Flocks. That investment was designed to:
Expand the production of fertile eggs in Jamaica;and
Have a major impact in reducing the outflow of foreign exchange used for the purchase of hatching eggs from the U.S.A.
Jamaica Poultry Breeders Limited is located at Caentabert near Claremont in the parish of St. Ann and our development was planned in 4 phases.
In late 1981, infrastructure work and farm construction began – inclusive of the road systems; a 500 feet deep well, with pumping equipment; storage tanks, with over 150,000 gallons capacity; and water distribution systems. Additionally, an electrical standby plant with electrical distribution systems was installed; offices, a changing room complex, lunchroom, commissary, recreational facilities, laundry, stores, workshop and litter storage facilities were constructed.
By late 1986 phases 1 & 2 were completed and comprised three growing farms for rearing stock from day-old to twenty weeks. Each provided two flocks – pullets and cockerels – to six laying farms, which specialized in producing fertile eggs. The first flock of baby chicks was received mid- March 1982, with subsequent flocks being placed at eight -week intervals.
Phase 3 commenced early 1988 and involved duplication of phases 1 & 2 to provide three more growing farms and six laying farms. One lay farm was completed and stocked just ahead of the onslaught of Hurricane Gilbert, which completely destroyed seven of the ten farms. Rebuilding of the farms then became the priority. Rebuilding was completed by October 1991.
Jamaica Broilers Group’s poultry breeding operations now consists of six (6) layer farms – each with a capacity of 13,000 breeding hens and 1,300 cockerels and three (3) grow-out farms of similar capacity. Eggs are collected manually four (4) times per day, graded, packed on buggies, stored on farm at specific temperature and relative humidity. The eggs are then delivered, by an environmentally controlled truck, to the Best Dressed Chicken Hatchery five days per week. Present production is over 1.2 million dozen fertile eggs per annum and this translates to a foreign exchange saving of over US $2.4 million.
Jamaica Poultry Breeders plans to take advantage of any incremental increase in demand to expand our operations.